The Kingdom of Cochin was a late-medieval Hindu kingdom on the Malabar Coast of Kerala. Heralded as the Queen of the Arabian Sea, Cochin was an important spice trading centre on the Arabian Sea coast from the 14th century. Occupied by the Portuguese Empire in 1503, Kochi was the first of the European colonies in colonial India. It remained the main seat of Portuguese India until 1530, when Goa was chosen instead. The city was later occupied by the Dutch and the British, with the Kingdom of Cochin becoming a princely state. In 1949, Travancore-Cochin state came into being with the merger of Cochin and Travancore. Finally, the Government of India’s States Reorganisation Act (1956) inaugurated a new state — Kerala — incorporating Travancore-Cochin , Malabar District, and the taluk of Kasargod of Southern Carnatic.