Fishermen on bamboo rafts goes about their days work in Kaziranga, Assam.

Hardy Sumos travel in convoy over the 4000 mts. high snow covered Rohtang La on the way to Lahaul Valley from Manali in Himachal Pradesh.

In the boulder strewn terrain of the Pin Valley in Himachal Pradesh, transportation is virtually impossible except donkey or mule caravans.

A western tourist gets a hand from porters on the way down from the hilltop Jain monolith of Bahubali at Sravanabelgola in Karnataka.

Porters manually carry an idol of Lakshmi down slippery ghat steps, for immersion in the Ganges at Calcutta, Bengal.

Tired after the day safari, a group of camels enjoy a well-earned drink in the Thar Desert near Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, India.

Humans and vehicles get ready to disembark from barges on the Brahmaputra river at Nimatighat, Assam.

Locals report to work in slender wooden canoes along the Rapti River at Chitwan National Park, Nepal.

A group of ponies carrying supplies get ready for departure along trekking routes starting from Kibber village in Spiti Valley, Himachal Pradesh.

A man returns home on a bicycle along the tracks of a railway bridge over the River Yamuna at Agra, Uttar Pradesh.

A man and his wife bustles along on a Vespa through a neighborhood getting ready for the day ahead at Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

A white water rafting expedition struggles along the confluence of the Indus and Zanskar Rivers, each with its distinct color due to different minerals dissolved along their routes, in Ladakh.

A Himachal Pradesh State Transport bus braves precipitous cliffs on the world’s highest motorable road on its way from Leh to Manali in Kashmir.

Pilgrims and tourists take an evening dinghy ride along the Ganges in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.

Children compete among themselves and slide down hills in homemade toy cars in Mon, Nagaland.

Cycle Rickshaws wait for commuters in Thamel, Kathmandu.

Elephants lumber across the Rapti river, taking tourists for a sighting of the endangered Indian One Horned Rhinoceros in Chitwan National Park, Nepal.

Bikers across the world stop for a photo-op on the top of Khardung La, allegedly the highest motorable mountain pass in the world, at Ladakh.

A local boatman ferries his bamboo coracle on the Tungabhadra river and also doubles up as a guide for tourists in Hampi, Karnataka.

After a hard day's work, tired laborers take a free lift on a truck at Namsai, Arunachal Pradesh.

Sand mining in slender wooden boats along the Malabar coastline, Kasaragod.

Wooden dhows getting constructed at the shipbuilding workshops in Beypore, Kerala.

With more than 100 rowers, magnificent wooden snakeboats race across the Punnamada Lake in Alleppey.


For thousands of years Indians have adopted a variety of transportation means to travel across the vast and varied geography of India. As India enters the 21st century with rapid progress made in railways, road building and aviation, it is remarkable how various old forms of transportation still thrive in different parts of India, depending primarily on geography. People are still carried by camels, elephants, ponies and sometimes, even fellow humans. Country boats, barges, dinghies and the humble coracle still ply passengers across rivers daily, in the same way it has been doing for millennia. In cities, tenacious daily wage earners still brave their scooters and cycles through India’s tangled streets and urban chaos to get to work and back home. ‘Transport’ is a collection of images taken across the subcontinent, documenting this everyday struggle for connectivity, from remote villages in the Himalayan heights to the urban cities in the riverine plains.