Blowing her trumpet at Victoria Memorial.

A statue of Rabindranath Tagore at his family house at Jorasanko.

A Jhaal Muri vendor on the Esplanade.

Ashoka's lion capital in the Indian Museum.

Book store at the Howrah Station.

Finishing touches on a Kali idol at Kumartuli.

Country boats dock at Princep Ghat overlooking the Second Hooghly Bridge.

Final prayers offered to Laxmi before immersion.

Boys sell balloons at the ghats during During Puja.

A boy retrieves a idol head for reuse from the waters of the Hooghly.


Calcutta, the second city of the British Empire in India, is the capital of Bengal. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of eastern India and one of its largest ports. Under the British Raj, Kolkata served as the capital of India until 1911, when its perceived geographical disadvantages, combined with growing nationalism in Bengal, led to a shift of the capital to New Delhi. The city was a centre of the Indian independence movement; it remains a hotbed of contemporary state politics. As a nucleus of the 19th- and early 20th-century Bengal Renaissance, Calcutta has established traditions in drama, art, film, theatre, and literature and includes among its citizens several Nobel laureates.